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Read by an Earphones Award–winning narrator. &quot;,&quot;featuredLists&quot;:[{&quot;id&quot;:58,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Essential Anti-racism Audiobooks&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/collections/essential-anti-racism-audiobooks&quot;}],&quot;genres&quot;:[{&quot;displayName&quot;:&quot;Nonfiction&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/genres/nonfiction-audiobooks&quot;}],&quot;narratorCredits&quot;:[{&quot;name&quot;:&quot;Mirron Willis&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/narrators/mirron-willis-audiobooks&quot;}],&quot;genre&quot;:{&quot;dealsUrl&quot;:&quot;/deals/nonfiction-audiobook-deals&quot;,&quot;displayName&quot;:&quot;Nonfiction&quot;,&quot;internalName&quot;:&quot;nonfiction&quot;},&quot;product&quot;:{&quot;discounted&quot;:true,&quot;discountPrice&quot;:&quot;$12.99&quot;,&quot;free&quot;:false,&quot;giftPurchaseUrl&quot;:&quot;/gift-audiobook/181428&quot;,&quot;isFreeListing&quot;:false,&quot;listingPrice&quot;:&quot;$17.99&quot;,&quot;purchaseUrl&quot;:&quot;/purchases/new?product_id=181428&quot;,&quot;salableInCurrentCountry&quot;:true,&quot;savingsPercent&quot;:&quot;28&quot;,&quot;showListingPrice&quot;:true,&quot;timeLeft&quot;:null,&quot;featuredDeal&quot;:false,&quot;featuredNewRelease&quot;:false},&quot;bookDescription&quot;:&quot;Lynch mobs, chain gangs, and popular views of black southern criminals that defined the Jim Crow South are well known. We know less about the role of the urban North in shaping views of race and crime in American society.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eFollowing the 1890 census—the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery—crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land of opportunity were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites—liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners—as indisputable proof of blacks’ inferiority. In the heyday of “separate but equal,” what else but pathology could explain black failure in the “land of opportunity?”\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe idea of black criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America, as were African Americans’ own ideas about race and crime. Chronicling the emergence of deeply embedded notions of black people as a dangerous race of criminals by explicit contrast to working-class whites and European immigrants, this fascinating book reveals the influence such ideas have had on urban development and social policies.&quot;,&quot;bookDescriptionShort&quot;:&quot;Lynch mobs, chain gangs, and popular views of black southern criminals that defined the Jim Crow South are well known. We know less about the role of the urban North in shaping views of race and crime in American society.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eFollowing the 1890 census—the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery—crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic...&quot;,&quot;averageRating&quot;:4.36666666666667,&quot;hasReviews&quot;:true,&quot;ratingsCount&quot;:30,&quot;tags&quot;:[{&quot;displayName&quot;:&quot;History&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/tags/history&quot;},{&quot;displayName&quot;:&quot;African American Interest&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/tags/african-american-interest&quot;},{&quot;displayName&quot;:&quot;Our Favorites&quot;,&quot;url&quot;:&quot;/tags/our-favorites&quot;}]}' data-show-expired-promotion-modal='false' id='audiobook-app'></div> </div> </div> <div class='wrapper why-chirp-wrapper'> <div class='content why-chirp-content'> <div class='title-container'> <div class='title-line'></div> <h1 class='title'>Why Chirp?</h1> <div class='title-line'></div> </div> <div class='reasons'> <div class='reason'> <img alt='' class='reason-image' loading='lazy' src='https://img.chirpbooks.com/image/upload/f_auto,q_auto/v1593090920/sitewide/save_no_border_1.png'> <h2 class='reason-title'>Unbeatable prices</h2> <p class='reason-content'>Discover exclusive audiobook deals from your favorite authors.</p> </div> <div class='reason'> <img alt='' class='reason-image' loading='lazy' src='https://img.chirpbooks.com/image/upload/f_auto,q_auto/v1593090920/sitewide/piggy.jpg'> <h2 class='reason-title'>No subscription required</h2> <p class='reason-content'>No more monthly membership fees. 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